The blood glucose level is the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is the sugar that comes from the food we eat, and it is also formed and stored inside the body. This is the main source of energy for the cells of our body, and it takes place in each cell through the bloodstream.

highHyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when the body cannot use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes).

Regular high blood sugar levels for a longer period of time (over months or years) may cause permanent damage to the parts of the body such as the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels.

14 Signs that indicate that your blood sugar is very high

What causes high blood sugar?

A variety of things can cause an increase in blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, including:

  • Stress
  • diseases, such as cold
  • eating too much, such as snacking between meals
  • lack of exercise
  • dehydration
  • miss a dose of your diabetes medication, or taking the wrong dose
  • more treatment episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • taking certain drugs, such as steroids

Occasional episodes of hyperglycemia also occur in children and young adults.

Signs and symptoms

Signs of high blood sugar levels include:

  • urinating a lot,
  • drink plenty
  • weight loss, although appetite remained the same
  • tired,
  • itching, dry skin,
  • It takes time for your wounds to heal,
  • difficulty concentrating,
  • problems with the nerve,
  • blurred vision;
  • weight gain,
  • fatigue and infection.
  • impotence,
  • dry mouth;
  • constant hunger.

Diet for Diabetes

Changes in diet are the first actions against diabetics. Not only a healthy diet will make you feel good, but you can reduce your blood sugar during the process. Carbohydrates are not recommended, because they affect blood glucose more than any other food group. But it is important to know that some healthy carbohydrates can actually raise blood sugar. One of the ways to formulate a healthy diabetes diet is concentrating on low glycemic index (GI) food. Low-GI is less likely to increase blood sugar.

Using the glycemic index to choose a healthier diet is easier than you think. “It’s actually very simple,” says Dr. Jennie Brand-Miller, a professor of human nutrition at the University of Sydney. “Swap high glycemic index food with small ones.” See the table below for examples of these:

Brand-Miller and others point to three categories of carbohydrates food contains:

The low glycemic index (GI of 55 or less): Most fruits and vegetables, legumes (Brand-Miller called pea “star performers”), minimally processed grains, pasta, low-fat dairy foods, and nuts.

Moderate glycemic index (GI 56-69): White and sweet potatoes, corn, white rice, couscous, breakfast cereals such as cream of wheat and Mini Wheats.

High glycemic index (GI of 70 or more): White bread, rice, most crackers, bagels, pastries, donuts, croissants, waffles, most packaged breakfast cereals.

The selection of healthy, low GI is easier in Australia, where hundreds GI foods carry a label.

Swaps for lowering the glycemic index

Instead of high-glycemic index foods eat lower glycemic index foods

  • White rice, brown rice or converted rice
  • Instant oatmeal Steel-cut oats
  • Cornflakes Bran Flakes
  • Baked Pasta potatoes
  • White bread Whole grain bread
  • Corn Peas or greens
  • Fruit roll-up whole fruit